PKSOI/Harvard Kennedy School

Mass Atrocity Response Operations

MARO Workshop

8-9 December 2010

Gettysburg, PA

     A Mass Atrocity Response Operation (MARO) describes a contingency operation to halt the widespread and systematic use of violence by state or non-state armed groups against non-combatants. Published in 2010 as a collaborative effort between the Carr Center for Human Rights Policy at Harvard's Kennedy School and the US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute, the MARO Military Planning Handbook explains why MAROs present unique operational challenges and provides framing and planning tools to prepare the military. While primarily intended for military planners, it is also useful for policymakers and other non-military readers interested in the prevention of and military response to mass atrocities.

PKSOIHarvard University

    This two-day workshop is open to interested members of academia, civil society, government, and military (US and international), and includes plenary sessions and working groups to analyze MARO-related topics. The workshop's objectives are to:

  • Analyze the employment of military forces to prevent and respond to mass atrocities.
  • Define the roles of interagency and non-US governmental actors during a MARO.
  • Connect military and non-military actors who are working on mass atrocity issues.
  • Identify and refine concepts for MARO policy planning.
  • Analyze key MARO issues during working group sessions. Working Groups include:
    • Policy: Stakeholder Mapping; Policy Development; Whole-of-Government Planning; Strategic Communication; Supporting Diplomacy; Congressional Consultation; Scenarios
    • Intelligence: Indicators and Warnings; Information Sharing; Information Sources; the Power of Witness; operations security; Linking Intelligence to Operations and Diplomacy
    • Operations: Force Requirements and Composition; Partnerships; Command Relationships; Prevention (Flexible Deterrent Options); Response Courses of Action
    • Logistics: Deployment; Basing; Infrastructure; Sustainment; Support for Partners; Host Nation and Contractor Support
    • Comprehensive Engagement: Coordination with IGOs and NGOs; Engagement with HN Government and other Actors; Regional Engagement
    • Moral, Ethical, and Legal Issues: Legitimacy; Working with Questionable Actors; Sovereignty Issues; International Law; War Powers Act; Second-Order Effects
    The workshop is limited to 100 attendees and will be held at the Wyndham Conference Center in Gettysburg, PA (about 60 miles north of Washington, D.C., along Highway US 15-North). Meals will be provided. Participants are responsible for their own lodging and transportation. Attendees may REGISTER HERE; however, you must also contact the Wyndham to make lodging reservations (rooms are available at $79.00 per night-ask for PKSOI-MARO block).

Wyndham Gettysburg Contact Information: 95 Presidental Circle
Gettysburg, PA 17325

Wednesday December 8, 2010
7:30   Breakfast/Registration
8:30   Introductory Remarks (Colonel Steve Smith, PKSOI)
8:45   Keynote Address (General Martin Dempsey)
10:00   Break
10:45   MARO Overview (Dwight Raymond, PKSOI)
12:00   Lunch (Speaker: Rosa Brooks, OSD)
1:00   Southern Sudan Panel Discussion
(Moderator: Alison Giffen, Stimson Center)
2:30   First Working Group Sessions*
5:00   Social
6:00   Dinner (Speaker: Sarah Sewall, HKS)
Thursday December 9, 2010
8:00   Second Working Group Sessions*
10:30   Speaker (National Security Council Representative)
11:30   Lunch (Speaker: Victoria Holt, Dept of State)
1:00   Working Group Outbriefs (Sally Chin, Carr Center)
2:30   Closing Remarks (OSD Representative)
    *Working Group Leaders
    Policy—Don Braum, S/CRS
    Intelligence—Lawrence Woocher, USIP
    Operations—COL(R) Kevin Bension
    Logistics—COL Larry Strobel, PKSOI
    Comprehensive Engagement—TBD
    Moral, Ethical, Legal—Jim Armstead, Wash & Lee

The confeence will be held in accordance with the Chatham House Rule (non-attribution).
We plan to publish a collection of relevant submissions serval months after the conference; contributions solicited.
Download a copy of the MARO Handbook HERE (hard copy will be provided at the conference).
For more information, contact Dwight Raymond through

The US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) is located at the US Army War College at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, and is the Army's Center of Excellence for stability and peace operations at the strategic and operational levels. PKSOI facilitates information sharing, project development, and integration of efforts among military and civilian government agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and international and multinational institutions.

The Carr Center for Human Rights Policy is located at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. The mission of the Carr Center is to make human rights principles central to the formulation of sound public policy in the United States and throughout the world, and to train future leaders in the field of human rights. The Center contributes to public policy formulation through the research and public engagement of its faculty and fellows.