In December 2010, the U.S. Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) and the Harvard Kennedy School’s Carr Center for Human Rights Policy co-hosted a workshop on Mass Atrocity Response Operations (MARO). The event followed the earlier publication of the MARO Military Planning Handbook, and was attended by 85 people from a diverse range of organizations. The workshop featured presentations by Sarah Sewall, Dwight Raymond, Mike McNerney, Alison Giffen, Linda Bishai, Tim Shortley, Stephen Mariano, Victoria Holt, James Waller, Sally Chin, and Rosa Brooks; additionally, it included breakout discussion groups on the following topical areas: Policy; Intelligence; Operations; Logistics;Comprehensive Engagement; and Moral, Ethical, & Legal Issues.
Three major themes emerged from the workshop; these included the “Inchoate Middle Ground” between mass atrocity prevention (primarily a diplomatic endeavor) and response (primarily military). The second theme pertained to the utility of MARO as an Instrumental Vehicle to facilitate cross-organizational dialogue on functional issues such as interagency coordination or logistics. Third, Information Management and Policy Formulation was frequently referred to as an area requiring additional development and structure, to ensure that relevant information is effectively presented to policy makers.